- David and Goliath Bible Story Study Guide
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And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and they encamped in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array against the Philistines. The Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side, with a valley between them. And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze. And he had bronze armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between his shoulders. Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul?
Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me. If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants.quimoosuntungfer.tk
David and Goliath Bible Story Study Guide
But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us. They encamped in the Valley of Elah : The green rolling hills surrounding the Valley of Elah still stand today and they witnessed one of the most remarkable battles in all the Bible. It began when the Philistines, constant enemies of Israel during this period, assembled their army on a mountain and on an opposite mountain stood the army of Israel.
Goliath was tall, but his height is not unheard of in history. That was some years before this, but it shows how there may have continued to be men of unusually large size from the city of Gath.
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This was a big man, and strong enough to carry and use these huge weapons. Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me… I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together : Goliath issued a bold challenge to the army of Israel.
When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid. The reason why he came out with full battle equipment and paraded in front of the Israelite army was because he wanted them to be dismayed and greatly afraid. Goliath defeated the Israelites on fear alone. First, it may keep you from ever going to battle with them because they are so afraid.
This is a significant strategy of the devil against believers. When Saul… heard these words : Saul had special reason to be afraid. Goliath was the giant among the Philistines and Saul was head and shoulder taller than other Israelite men 1 Samuel Saul was the logical choice to square off against Goliath, and we can expect he knew others expected him to fight Goliath.
At one time he was known as a fierce and successful military leader 1 Samuel As the Spirit left Saul so did his courage.
Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah, whose name was Jesse, and who had eight sons. And the man was old, advanced in years , in the days of Saul. The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone to follow Saul to the battle. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. David was the youngest. And the three oldest followed Saul. David was the youngest : David is said to be the youngest of eight sons of Jesse.
He is simply pointing to the prominence and preeminence of Jesus. And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning and evening. And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers fare, and bring back news of them. So David rose early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, and took the things and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight and shouting for the battle. For Israel and the Philistines had drawn up in battle array, army against army.
And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days : Day after day, Goliath taunted and mocked the armies of Israel, exposing them all and especially Saul as cowards. If he left the sheep to run an errand for his father he made sure the sheep were still well cared for. And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight and shouting for the battle : This must have been the approximate scene for forty days.
The armies gathered on each hillside, screaming and shouting at each other across the valley. Goliath made his parade and shouted his insults, and after a while the Israelites slinked away in shame. And David left his supplies in the hand of the supply keeper, ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
Then as he talked with them, there was the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, coming up from the armies of the Philistines; and he spoke according to the same words.
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So David heard them. And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were dreadfully afraid. Dreadfully afraid : All of the Israelite army was dreadfully afraid. There was not one man among them who would take on Goliath. Every one of them fled from him when Goliath came out.
For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? The man who kills him, the king will enrich : The situation had become so desperate that Saul needed to offer a three-part bribe including a cash award, a princess, and a tax exemption — to induce someone, anyone to fight and win against Goliath. Who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel… who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God : Other soldiers focused on the danger of the battle or the material rewards to be won.
It seems that David alone focused on the reputation of Israel and the honor of the living God. He cares about the things God cares about. He saw the problem in spiritual terms, not in material or fleshly terms. And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the insolence of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle. Is there not a cause? First, he was angry because he felt David was an insignificant, worthless person who had no right to speak up, especially with such bold words Why did you come down here?
Third, he was angry because he thought David tried to provoke someone else into fighting Goliath just so he could see a battle you have come down to see the battle. Eliab himself was a tall man of good appearance 1 Samuel , and he may have felt David was trying to push him into battle.
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Finally, he was angry because David was right! When you are dismayed and greatly afraid or dreadfully afraid , the last thing in the world you want is someone telling you to be courageous. What have I done now? Is there not a cause : David stuck to his position. There is no doubt that what his brother Eliab said hurt him, but he would not let it hinder him. When David was misunderstood and publicly rebuked by his own brother, probably amid the laughs of the other soldiers, he could have quit.
David and Goliath - Kids Bible stories - video dailymotion
But he showed the strength of the armor of God in his life and replied rightly. Goliath was a dead man right then. This is where the battle was won. Goliath was defeated right then. The word-battle in which he had to engage with his brothers and with king Saul, was a more trying ordeal to him than going forth in the strength of the Lord to smite the uncircumcised boaster. Many a man meets with more trouble from his friends than from his enemies; and when he has learned to overcome the depressing influence of prudent friends, he makes short work of the opposition of avowed adversaries.
Now when the words which David spoke were heard, they reported them to Saul; and he sent for him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine : Saul waited a long time — at least 40 days — to hear someone say these words. But to hear them now, from the mouth of this boy, almost seemed like a cruel joke. The bad news is that he is a little shepherd boy. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine : These are bold words.
This is the first time David specifically volunteered to battle Goliath. Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God. You are not able… you are but a youth : Saul thought David was disqualified because of his age, size, and inexperience. This shows that Saul looked at the battle purely in natural, outward terms.
How can you ever defeat him? Your servant has killed both lion and bear : God prepared David for this exact battle when David was a lowly shepherd. A lion attacked the lambs and David fought the lion. A bear came against the sheep and David battled the bear. All along, God prepared David to fight Goliath. How long did David prepare to fight Goliath? All of his life, up to that day.
He calls us to be faithful right where we are and then uses our faithfulness to accomplish greater things. If David ran scared at the lion or the bear, he would never have been ready to fight Goliath now. What had the people done wrong? What had David done wrong? It appears David sulked over this for about three months. Rather than examining himself, he got upset at God verses So what was wrong with the way David was doing things?
First, in Exodus and Numbers , God commands Israel that the ark be transported on the shoulders using poles—not in a new cart. Numbers states that only the sons of Levi were to transport it that way. Third, Numbers instructs that, of the Levites, only the line of Aaron could touch the ark or any holy thing. The law made it clear what should be done.
Anybody who knew much about it could have told David. When we obey God, we have to do it the way He says —in the order He says do it.